Muhammad Ali Jinnah محمد علی جناح

Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah

Let us commemorate 25th December 2013 as the 137th birth anniversary of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Founder of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Let us implement his guidelines and legacies in letter and spirit. Quaid e Azam is best described by Professor Stanley Wolpret in his book ‘Jinnah of Pakistan’ as:

“Few individuals significantly alter the course of history. Fewer still modify the map of the world. Hardly anyone can be credited with creating a nation-state. Muhammad Ali Jinnah did all three.”

Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876 – 1948) was an ardent supporter and a strong proponent of a separate state for Muslims of the sub-continent based on Islamic values and teachings. The able leadership and struggle of Quaid e Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, culminating in the creation of Pakistan on 14th August 1947 as an independent Islamic republic, brought unprecedented vitality to the Muslims of the sub-continent producing in its wake an Islamic renaissance and Islamic idealism. Muhammad Ali Jinnah’s pre-occupation with political issues left him little time to devote himself to writing; but his speeches and sayings have been compiled by his staff and admirers into a series of volumes.

They are all permeated with the need to establish an Islamic Republic for the 100 million Muslims of British India. Muhammad Ali Jinnah firmly believed in Islam as a ‘dynamic religion and a way of life’. “The discipline of the Ramadan fasting and prayers will culminate today in an immortal meekness of the heart before God”, he said in a broadcast speech on Eid day, “but it shall not be the meekness of a week heart, and they who would think so are doing wrong both to God and to the Prophet. It is the outstanding paradox of all religions that the humble shall be the strong, and it is of particular significance in the case of Islam. For Islam, as you all know, really means action. 
This discipline of Ramadan was designed by our Prophet to give us the necessary strength for action.”

Quaid e Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah’s liberal passion for Islam had a long lasting impact on the minds and souls of the 100 million Muslims struggling for a separate Muslim state, turning their intellectual activities towards tackling traditional Islamic ideals in terms of modern standards and requirements. Religion for Muhammad Ali Jinnah implied not only as a duty towards God but also as a duty to Mankind.

At the inaugural session of Jamiat Ulema Islam in Calcutta in November, 1945, Maulana Ghulam Murshid, Imam of Badshahi Mosque, Lahore, met with Quaid e Azam and received a definite assurance from him that the injunctions of the Holy Quran alone would be the basis of law in the Muslim state. In a letter to Pir Sahib of Manki Sharif in November 1945, Quaid e Azam said, “it is needless to emphasize that the Constituent Assembly which would be pre-dominantly Muslim in its composition, would be able to enact laws for Muslims, not inconsistent with the Shariah laws, and the Muslims will no longer be obliged to abide by the un Islamic laws.” 

In a public meeting with Maulana Shabbir Ahmad Usmani in June 1947, the Quaid vehemently assured that an Islamic constitution would be implemented in Pakistan. Speaking on a reform scheme at Sibbi Derbar on 4th February 1948, Quaid e Azam proclaimed that:

“In proposing this scheme, I have had one underlying principle in mind, the principle of Muslim democracy. It is my belief that our salvation lies in following the golden rule of conduct set for us by our great law-giver the Prophet of Islam. Let us lay the foundations of our democracy on the basis of truly Islamic ideals and principles”.

Whenever Quaid e Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah got an opportunity to speak on Islam, he advocated a rational approach. “In the pursuit of truth and the cultivation of beliefs,” he said, “we should be guided by our rational interpretation of the Quran, and if our devotion to truth is single-minded, we shall, in our own measure, achieve our goal. In the translation of this truth into practice, however, we shall be content with so much, as so much only, as we can achieve without encroaching on the rights of others, while at the same time not ceasing our efforts always to achieve more.”

The great Quaid Muhammad Ali Jinnah championed the cause of womanhood, advocating for women an equal share with men in social and national life as per the Islamic teachings.

“In the great task of building the nation and maintaining its solidarity, women have a most valuable part to play. They are the prime architects of the character of the youth who constitute the backbone of the state. I know that in the long struggle for the achievement of Pakistan, Muslim women have stood solidly behind their men. In the bigger struggle for the building up of Pakistan that now lies ahead let it not be said that the women of Pakistan had lagged behind or failed in their duty.”

Like a true Muslim, the great Quaid was incorruptible. The Last British Viceroy, Lord Mountbatten rightfully admitted when he said:

“I tried every trick I could play to shake Jinnah’s resolve. Nothing would move him from his consuming determination to realize the dream of Pakistan.”

Jinnah’s dream for Pakistan was based on the principles of social justice, brotherhood and equality, which he aimed to achieve under his motto of “Faith, Unity, and Discipline.” Jinnah’s successors were tasked with consolidating the nation of Pakistan that Jinnah had so determinedly established.

Let us commemorate 25th December 2013 as the 137th birth anniversary of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Founder of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Let us implement his guidelines and legacies in letter and spirit.

The remembrance starts with changing cover photos, symbolizing regard for the statesman Jinnah.

Muhammad Ali Jinnah

Muhammad ALi Jinnah2

The First Cabiet of Pakistan

Muhammad Ali Jinnah

While on Twitter #ThankYouJinnah and #ImSorryJinnah are the top trends in Pakistan.

TweetsonJinnah

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100 Advices from Holy Qura’n

1. The Holy QuranDo not mix the truth with falsehood (2:42)
2. Order righteousness to people only after practicing it yourself(2:44)
3. Do not commit abuse on the earth (2:60)
4. Do not prevent people from mosques (2:114)
5. Do not follow anyone blindly (2:170)
6. Do not break the promise (2:177)
7. Do not engage in bribery (2:188)
8. Fight only with those who fight you (2:190)
9. Keep the etiquettes of war (2:191)
10. Protect orphans (2:220)
11. Do not have sexual intercourse during menstrual period (2:222)
12. Breast feed your children for two complete years (2:233)
13. Choose rulers by their merit (2:247)
14. No compulsion in religion (2:256)
15. Do not invalidate charity with reminders (2:264)
16. Help those in need by finding them (2:273)
17. Don’t consume interest (2:275)
18. Grant more time to repay if the debtor is in hard time (2:280)
19. Write down the debt (2:282)
20. Keep the trust (2:283)
21. Do not spy and backbite (2:283)
22. Believe in all prophets (2:285)
23. Do not burden a person beyond his scope(2:286)
24. Do not become divided (3:103)
25. Restrain Anger (3:134)
26. Do not be rude in speech (3:159)
27. Think deeply about the wonders and creation of this universe (3:191)
28. Men and Women have equal rewards for their deeds (3:195)
29. Wealth of the dead should be distributed among his family members (4:7)
30. Women also have the right for inheritance (4:7)
31. Do not devour the property of orphans (4:10)
32. Do not marry those in your blood relation (4:23)
33. Do not consume one another’s wealth unjustly(4:29)
34. Family should be led by men (4:34)
35. Be good to others (4:36)
36. Do not be miserly (4:37)
37. Do not keep envy (4:54)
38. Judge with justice between people (4:58)
39. Do not kill each other (4:92)
40. Do not be an advocate for deceitful (4:105)
41. Standout firmly for justice (4:135)
42. Cooperate in righteousness (5:2)
43. Do not cooperate in sin and aggression (5:2)
44. Dead animals, blood, the flesh of swine are prohibited (5:3)
45. Be just (5:8)
46. Punish for crimes in an exemplary way (5:38)
47. Strive against sinful and unlawful (5:63)
48. Avoid intoxicants and alcohol (5:90)
49. Do not gamble (5:90)
50. Do not insult others’ deities (6:108)
51. ’Having majority’ is not a criterion of truth (6:116)
52. Don’t reduce weight or measure to cheat people (6:152)
53. Do not be arrogant (7:13)
54. Eat and Drink, But Be Not Excessive (7:31)
55. Wear good cloths during prayer times (7:31)
56. Forgive others for their mistakes (7:199)
57. Do not turn back in battle (8:15)
58. Protect and help those who seek protection (9:6)
59. Keep Purity (9:108)
60. Never give up hope of Allah’s Mercy (12:87)
61. Allah will forgive to those who have done wrong out of ignorance (16:119)
62. Invitation to God should be with wisdom and good instruction (16:125)
63. No one will bear others’ sins (17:15)
64. Be dutiful to parents (17:23)
65. Do not say a word of disrespect to parents (17:23)
66. Do not spent money extravagantly (17:29)
67. Do not kill your children for fear of poverty (17:31)
68. Do not approach unlawful sexual intercourse (17:32)
69. Do not pursue that of which you have no knowledge (17:36)
70. Speak to people mildly (20:44)
71. Keep aloof from what is vain (23:3)
72. Do not enter others’ house without seeking permission (24:27)
73. Allah will provide security for those who believe only in Allah (24:55)
74. Do not enter parents’ private room without asking permission (24:58)
75. Walk on earth in humility (25:63)
76. Do not neglect your portion of this world (28:77)
77. Invoke not any other god along with ALLAH (28:88)
78. Do not engage in homosexuality (29:29)
79. Enjoin right, forbid wrong (31:17)
80. Do not walk in insolence through the earth (31:18)
81. Lower your voice (31:19)
82. Women should not display their finery (33:33)
83. Allah forgives all sins (39:53)
84. Do not be despair of the mercy of Allah (39:53)
85. Repel evil by good (41:34)
86. Decide on affairs by consultation (42:38)
87. Try for settlement between people (49:9)
88. Do not ridicule others (49:11)
89. Avoid suspicion (49:12)
90. Do not spy or backbite (49:12)
91. Most noble of you is the most righteous (49:13)
92. Honor guests (51:26)
93. Spent wealth in charity (57:7)
94. No Monasticism in religion (57:27)
95. Those who have knowledge will be given a higher degree by Allah (58:11)
96. Treat non-Muslims in a kind and fair manner (60:8)
97. Save yourself from covetousness (64:16)
98. Seek forgiveness of Allah.  He is Forgiving and Merciful (73:20)
99. Do not repel one who asks (93:10)
100. Encourage feeding poor (107:3)

Who could be a perfect mentor?

Who is a perfect mentor? Who do you call a perfect mentor? What does he do? Why is he needed? Guidance comes from teachers and parents too. Leaders also guide as well as friends—are they all perfect mentors?

Many people will answer with these words ‘Someone who is pious, devout, a worshiper.’ But there are many devout, pious people who do not fault in their prayers—many of them sitting around you. Are they the perfect mentors?
Some might say ‘The perfect guide is one whose worship is not just for the public, but comes from his heart, for God alone. His goodness and piety are genuine, not just an act’.
‘In your circle of friends, you must surely know at least one such person who is a true worshiper, whose goodness and devotion are completely trustworthy. So is such a person the ideal guide?’
‘Or it would be a person whose speech has the impact to change others’ lives?’
‘The impact is there—in the words some people say, or others write. An actor on the stage, a journalist in his columns may have that impact, but does that make them the perfect guides?’

‘Or a man who can prophesy, who has mystic powers and can predict the future be an ideal mentor?’
‘Many of us have dreams that portend the future or give us some indication of what’s to come. Some people can pray to seek knowledge of the future; some have very strong sixth sense and can feel coming dangers. Who is the perfect mentor then?’

‘Who could be a perfect mentor?’

‘The perfect mentor is one who is the paragon of perfection—perfection that is the composite of all his thoughts and actions, all that you have been describing. It is one whose worship is true and pure, who is noble and devout. Every prayer of his is fulfilled to the extent that God wills. There is an effect, an impact in his speech; he guides people too but he’s not a soothsayer, he is a mystic. He receives divine revelation—something that is not granted to all and sundry. Of the 124,000 messengers of God each one was a mentor, but the perfect mentor was he who received the final message of God, who was the seal of the prophets.’
‘Every human being, at some point in his life, needs a mentor. At times, life brings one to a stage where one feels that all pleas and supplications—on the lips, in the heart—are going unheard. One’s prostrations, one’s outstretched hands cannot turn God’s blessings to oneself. One feels as though there was a link that is now lost and there is a yearning for someone who will lift his hands in prayer, whose words will reach God as he pleads before Him, someone whose supplications are heard and answered, someone whose prayers will not be rejected like his own. Then one searches for the ideal guide, the perfect mentor, pursuing this search through the world for that individual who stands at some stage of perfection.
‘This search for perfection, for the perfect mentor, has been with man since his evolution to this day. It is a desire that God Himself has put in the hearts of the people and had it not been there, they would never have had any faith in the prophets nor would have tried to follow them. It was this search that drew them to the prophets who brought divine messages to the people in every era across the world. The divine revelations came to a close with God’s final message to the last prophet, Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH). After him, his followers needed no other guide or mentor.

Who is there today, or in the times to come, who can be given a station higher than that of Hazrat Muhammad Mustafa (PBUH)?

Who is there today, or in the times to come, who can claim greater perfection than the prophet, Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH)?

Who today or in the future can claim to intercede for his followers, other than Hazrat Muhammad?

‘The lasting quiet response in negation raises just one issue: why do we seek an ideal guide other than the perfect mentor, Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH)? When we have professed faith in him, what is the need to declare our faith in others?
‘Instead of treading the path shown by the perfect mentor, what are the other roads that attract us? Are one God, one Faith, one Quran, one Prophet and the example of his way of life not enough for the Muslims? Other than God, His word and the guidance of His prophet, who else or what else is there that will save us in this life and the hereafter? Who can fulfill our prayers and bless us with His bounties? Can anyone say what sect the perfect mentor belongs to? No one can.’

‘He was only a Muslim; a Muslim who believed that if he walked the straight and narrow path, he would be rewarded with heaven and if he diverted from it he would be punished by God’s wrath.
‘And the straight and narrow path is that which the Almighty, through His prophet Muhammad (PBUH), has shown us in the Quran in very clear, precise and unambiguous language. Do that which God has instructed through His prophet (PBUH) and desist from that which He has forbidden.

‘There is no ambiguity about God, the prophet (PBUH) or the Quran in any way. Look up the Quran and see if you find, in clear, precise terms any reference to another prophet or perfect guide. Keep searching, and if you don’t find any such thing, then beware of the quagmire you’re landing yourself in. You are using the few decades of your life on earth to ruin your life hereafter—what a poor bargain! If you want guidance, seek it in the Quran; it gives you all the answers to your queries; it does not leave you simple, ignorant and clueless. It flings your reality in your face. Does God not know man, just one of the millions of His creation?

‘If your supplications are not heard, then don’t go searching for sources and intercessors—just raise your hands to Him and plead your own case. If He should grant your prayers, be thankful; if not, be patient; but you must make the effort yourself. If your life does not have any order or direction, then emulate the example of the prophet (PBUH) and search his guidance. Your needs will be fulfilled.

‘Respect everyone—every leader, every believer (momin), every elder and martyr, and the pious and devout. But in your life follow the example of only the prophet (PBUH) for he has not given you any instructions of his own volition: whatever he conveyed to you is only by God’s will, revealed to him by the Almighty.

The Perfect Mentor (PBUH) I speak of is known to more than a billion people who accept him as their spiritual leader.